The Last Adam

The One Year® Chronological Bible, NKJV (Tyndale, 2013), September 27

The first Adam was created in the image of God from the dust of the earth. Once formed by God, he was filled by God, “And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being” (Gen. 2:7). Adam was placed in a perfect environment (the garden) and given a prohibition and a wife by God. His faith in God was tested when the serpent questioned God’s motive regarding the prohibition. Adam failed to appropriate God’s word and ate from the forbidden tree. After confronting the couple over their disobedience, the LORD promised Eve the Seed of the woman who would bruise the serpent’s head.

Jesus is conceived by the Holy Spirit in Mary’s womb. He is born of woman, conceived by God—the promised Seed has come. He fully identifies with man through birth and baptism, though He has no need of repentance. The Holy Spirit descends upon Him, and a voice comes from heaven, “You are My beloved Son; in You I am well pleased” (Lk. 3:22). Immediately the Spirit sends Jesus into the desert, where he is tempted by Satan (Lk. 4:1).

Parallels exist between the first Adam’s failure in the garden and the last Adam’s victory in the wilderness.

Adam

Every man is born with DNA that contains sin and death, thanks to Adam. Jesus comes to identify with Adam as fully human, yet without sin. He succeeds in every area that Adam had failed. He rebuts Satan’s temptations in the desert with God’s Word and defeats him at the cross by His death. God proves His acceptance of the Last Adam on behalf of the first Adam when He raises Him from the dead. He alters the DNA of sin by giving life to any man who will dare to trust Him.

Where Adam fails in the garden, Jesus succeeds in the wilderness. Where Satan gains dominion in the garden, Jesus recovers it in the wilderness. The crush of His heel on Satan’s head has begun!

Questions from today’s chronological Bible reading (Mk. 1:12-13; Mt. 4:1-11; Lk. 4:1-15; Jn. 1:19-2:25):
From which book does Jesus refute Satan’s temptations? What does this reveal about that book?
Review John 12:31; Acts 26:18; Galatians 1:4; Colossians 1:12-14; 1 John 5:19; Revelation 12:9. What does Satan’s offer, “All these things I I will give You in You will fall down and worship me” (Mt. 4:9), reveal about Satan’s dominion?
What does Jesus reveal about His purpose when He cleanses the temple?